Mechanical test-Mechanical testing reveals the properties of a material under dynamic or static force. Designed to ensure that materials are suitable for their intended applications, mechanical testing includes methods such as tensile strength, compression strength, impact resistance, fracture toughness and fatigue.
1. Tensile Test-This test applies tension on a material until failure, tensile testing can provide a variety of material properties from a single test, including yield, elongation, ultimate tensile strength (UTS), Poisson’s ratio and more. Element can perform tensile testing at ambient, elevated and sub-ambient temperatures on metals, plastics, rubbers and composites.
2. Bend Test-Bend testing is used to determine the ductility or strength of a material by flexing it over a given radius. It is particularly useful for components and materials that will are subject to folding or flexing, such as fasteners and welds. Element uses bend testing to ensure that metals, plastics, ceramics and more are fit for purpose in their intended applications.
3. Charpy/Izod test-Charpy and Izod impact testing are high-strain methods that determine the amount of energy absorbed during fracture. During testing, a pendulum strikes a pre-machined sample, and data about impact is collected. Charpy is usually performed on metals, and Izod is generally a plastics test. Element can perform testing with both standard and sub-sized samples.
4. Fatique Test-Fatigue testing evaluates the effects of cyclic loading on materials over time. This method can be used to find the failure point of materials, investigate failures in the field, or simulate real-world conditions. We perform fatigue testing on metals, ceramics, plastics, and more, as well as medical devices and some components.
5. Hardness Test-Hardness testing measures how well solid materials resist deformation when force is applied. Element performs Rockwell and Brinell testing on standard metal samples, and Knoop and Vickers micorhardness on sub-size samples. We also provide hardness of non-metallic materials using durometer and barcol hardness.
6. Proof Load Test-Proof load testing applied a tension-load to components, such as nuts, bolts and and assembled products. In order to pass a load test, the component must be able to support the load without any signs of deformation. Often associated with yield testing, some forms of proof load include tension testing and compression testing.
7. Shear Test-Shear strength is a measure of a material’s response to shear loading, a force that produces a sliding failure along a parallel plane. Element performs shear testing on bolts, rivets, pins and other products. Our capabilities include single shear testing, double shear testing and fastener shear testing.
8. Torque test-Torque refers to an object’s natural tendency to rotate about an axis. Our testing capabilities can characterize a product’s torque properties under a variety of conditions. While Element can test a range of components, most of our torque testing is performed on hardware and fasteners.